Episode 2 - You Never Knew My Heart
The Mormons and Joseph Smith have been driven out of Missouri into Nauvoo, Illinois. Here in southern Illinois they have come face to face with a local political organization which calls themselves the “Anti-Mormons”.
The “Anti-Mormons” and their spokesperson, Thomas Sharp, have set the goal of murdering the Mormon Prophet.
But, the “Anti-Mormons” are not the only people that want Joseph Smith Dead. There is also a group of people within the Mormon Church who hate Joseph Smith. And each day they are growing in their hatred towards him. These men, too, will eventually have a hand in Joseph’s death.
I am Stephen Dethloff, and this is the Strangers & Pilgrim’s podcast telling of the Death of the Prophet Joseph Smith.
We talked in the last episode about how the Jackson County Sheriff came and spoke with Porter Rockwell in jail back in Independence, Missouri. The sheriff was trying to leverage that Porter’s friendship with Joseph Smith, so that he could get Porter to flip on his friend and turn Joseph in. Well, the only reason that the Sheriff knew Porter and Joseph were so close was because he had a double agent feeding him this information and intel. When the Sheriff went down into that dungeon cell to talk to Porter he told Porter that he had learned through spies that were inside Nauvoo, how close the two men were.
So, through this interaction, Porter gets a brief glimpse into this world in Nauvoo where people are feeding enemies personal information. Where spies are infiltrating the opposing sides so that they can help bring down their enemies. And, this isn’t the only glimpse into the world of American Frontier espionage that Porter gets. While Porter was in jail he also learned from one of his fellow prisoners, that there were spies very close to Joseph Smith, feeding Joseph’s enemies personal information. Porter finds out, in fact, that there are people very close to Joseph Smith – people within the Mormon religion itself – who want to kill Joseph.
Well, in the last episode we talked about how, after being released from the Missouri dungeon, Porter Rockwell staggered into the Prophet’s house on Christmas Day. And, Joseph then gave Porter a promise that if he never cut his hair, a bullet would never harm him. Well, again, something else that occurred during that Christmas-day meeting, is that Porter told Joseph about this intel he picked up in jail. He told Joseph that someone very close to him was trying to kill him.
Joseph, soon afterwards, is speaking about this new piece of information with the Nauvoo City police. In the process, Joseph tells the police that this unknown man who is very close to him, that wants to murder him, is a Brutus, and is “a dough-head of a fool”.
Well, it gets back to a man named William Law that Joseph referred to a person secretly trying to kill him as a dough-head of a fool, and this makes William furious. William is furious that Joseph Smith referred to him as a ‘dough-head of a fool’.
Even though Joseph never said William’s name, or even alluded to William specifically as being the person close to him who wants to kill him, William feels like it is obvious Joseph is talking about him, and trying to tarnish his reputation.
William is 33 years old and has been a Mormon for about 5 years. Remember, the Mormon religion is only 14 years old. There is no such thing as an adult who was born and raised a Mormon. This is something new for everyone. William was an immigrant who moved to Nauvoo from just outside Toronto, Canada shortly after learning about and being baptized into the Mormon Church by two missionaries. William had joined the Mormon Church and immigrated to America because he believed Joseph Smith was a prophet of God.
Initially, William Law was a great asset to the Mormon Church. He had led a group of other Mormon-converts from Canada to settle Nauvoo. When he arrived he built a lumber mill and general store. He was building homes for settlers on the hill in town.
But, now, in early 1844, William Law no longer believes that Joseph Smith is a prophet. In fact, William Law is not only disillusioned with the Mormon Prophet – but the rumors and the intel picked up through the Missouri and Illinois spy network is true – William is one of Joseph’s biggest enemies.
And, we’ll talk about his reasons later – his reasons for not believing Joseph is a prophet anymore, and wanting to destroy him – in the context of the story you’ll find out about his reasons at the same time that the citizens of Nauvoo find out about his reasons. For now, though, for the purpose of our story, we’re just going to say that William Law no longer believes.
And, in the process of not-believing Joseph anymore, William becomes so hurt, and angry, and frustrated that he starts holding secret meetings in his house. These secret meetings are to set traps and lay the plans for the destruction of Joseph Smith. These are meetings being held inside Nauvoo, this city that built by Mormon refugees from Missouri. A city that William immigrated to from Canada solely to be close to the Mormon prophet – that city is now the home of William’s secret meetings to try and destroy the religion and the man in whom he once believed.
One day, William reaches out to a man in town about coming to some of these secret meetings. This man does not go, but instead tells Joseph that he has been invited. William had probably scouted the guy out, and figured he was angry with Joseph, too. Figured that he could recruit him to his plans. But, he didn’t realize that this guy was actually loyal to Joseph. And, so, this guy told Joseph that he had been invited to a secret meeting to plot his destruction.
Multiple other people have also been invited to these meetings, and not gone, but instead told Joseph about them. And, Joseph, in order to keep tabs on this group, sends two seventeen year old boys to attend the meetings as spies – Denison Harris and Robert Scott
And, so, you kind of start to see how all throughout Nauvoo and Hancock County, spies both for the Mormons and against the Mormons are gaining intelligence for their respective sides. As Mormons within the church try to destroy Joseph Smith and his religion, and as non-Mormons outside the church try to destroy Joseph and his religion, faithful Mormons are trying to prevent both groups from overthrowing their religion.
These boys go to two of William Law’s secret meetings and nothing much happens. But they return to Joseph and report what they saw and heard. Before the third meeting, though, Joseph Smith pulls these two boys aside and tells them, very seriously. He says:
“Boys. Today will be your last meeting. (pause) They may shed your blood. (pause) But, I hardly think they will as you are so young. But, they may. (pause)”
Joseph goes on. He tells them, “If they do [kill you], I will be a lion in their path. (pause) Don’t flinch. If you have to die, die like men. You will be martyrs to the cause.”
These two boys who were full of love for the prophet Joseph Smith, decide, in the face of this possible danger, to continue on as spies to one last meeting of William Law’s secret society.
At the end of this meeting, William pulls out a bible. He has one of his business partners administer an oath to him where he swears that he will give his life and liberty to the destruction of Joseph Smith and his party.
After William has taken the oath, the other 300 men in attendance take it as well. As the men are almost finished taking their oaths William Law notices that these two boys have not yet participated. So, he approaches them and tells them to go and take the oath.
But they won’t. The boys refuse to take the oath.
The boys argue with William back and forth for a while that they won’t take the oath because joseph had never done them any wrong. They try to leave the meeting. But they’re not allowed to leave. William tells them they must take the oath. After going back and forth, in an attempt at bargaining, William explains to them that they don’t have to participate in the actual destruction of the Prophet, they just need to make sure they take the oath so as they keep the whole thing secret – to protect the identities of everyone else there at the meeting.
The boys, again, insist they won’t take the oath, at which point some angrier men in the crowd jump in and insist that the boys be killed. That their throats be slit. Some of the more moderates in the crowd argue against that seemingly drastic measure.
Ultimately, the group decides to take the boys down into the cellar to be killed, because William Law just got new floors in his house, and they don’t want to get blood on it.
So, Joseph and one of his bodyguards, a guy by the name of John Scott, are waiting around Joseph’s house for these boys to come home from this meeting. And it’s getting later and later. And they haven’t come back. So, Joseph and John – who is actually the brother of Robert -- one the boys in the meeting – get nervous. And, they start crawling down the riverside towards William Law’s house. Remember, Nauvoo is built on the Mississippi River. So, Joseph and his bodyguard are crawling on their hands and knees behind bushes and trees to try and find out where these boys are. They’re crawling towards William Law’s house.
Meanwhile, these two boys have been taken into the basement to have their throats slit. But, down in the basement, two different sides start to argue about whether or not the boys should actually be killed – because they are, after all, only 17. And, their fathers will probably find out, and that will just cause problems. So, after another argument, a few men in this secret organization decides not to kill the boys. Instead, they march them outside into the night air, away from the house.
As the boys run away from the armed guards who escorted them outside, Joseph Smith sees them from behind the river bank. He raises his hand and tells them to come over. So, they hurry off behind some bushes, and crawl on their hands and knees until the two groups of men get together.
When they get together the boys tell Joseph their story. And Joseph, kneeling next to the Mississippi River looks out over it. He starts to cry. He understands, and has internalized, the idea that now men who have left his church are out to kill him.
Now, to add to the magnitude of William Law’s secret organization – and to add to the magnitude of him organizing efforts to destroy Joseph --
William Law is, nominally, one of the top three leaders in the Mormon religion.
Joseph Smith, as the 38 year old leader of the Mormon Church, has two counselors who, along with him, form the Church’s highest governing body – this governing body is called the First Presidency. So, with Joseph and his two counselors there are three men in the highest leadership group of the Mormon church.
Joseph’s first counselor, in the First Presidency, is a man by the name of Sidney Rigdon.
Joseph’s second counselor is William Law.
So, when Porter found out, in jail, that someone close to Joseph was trying to kill him – it turned out that it was someone very close to Joseph.
Now, when William Law decided that Joseph Smith was not a prophet of God, and that he must be destroyed – he did not also decide that Joseph had never been a prophet of God. He did not say, “Joseph Smith is a liar, therefore he must have always been a liar.” He, instead, said, “Joseph Smith is a fallen prophet. I accept all of his revelations, and teachings, and his religion up to the last year or so. It was then that he fell from his position as God’s prophet on the earth, and stopped receiving and giving truthful revelations. And, I must carry on where he left off.”
So, William Law leaves Mormonism and starts his own church, and it is a reformation church. William’s new congregation starts to meet for Sunday meetings in his house. The same house out of which William is running secret meetings to plan the destruction of Joseph is also the house out of which his new church holds Sunday meetings. And, we don’t have a membership record of everyone that was in William’s secret organization, but it is assumed that it is mostly the same people that are in his new religion. Because we do know they shared some leaders.
William is elected as Prophet and president of the church by his followers, which quickly grows to about 200 people. That’s 200 people inside the city of Nauvoo that used to be Mormons, and now have left Joseph’s church and joined William’s.
Meanwhile, Thomas Sharp, the spokesperson for the “Anti-Mormons” is watching this schism in the Mormon Church, and he’s excited. He is publishing in his “Anti-Mormon” newspaper editorials about William Law’s new church. Sharp writes that he doesn’t care anything about Mormons – but if he were to, he would rather have the Mormons choose a good prophet, like William Law, than a bad prophet, like Joseph Smith. Thomas writes that he hopes this new religion marks the beginning of the end for the rotten, amoral Joseph.
Now, for even more context on William Law leaving the church and fighting against Joseph. This isn’t the first time, that a prominent Mormon had left the religion, called Joseph a false prophet, and either attempted to start his own Mormon reformation church, or at the very least started to speak out strongly against their former religious leader. This was happening intermittently over the last decade and a half.
All throughout Joseph’s 14 years as leader of the Mormon religion, groups of members were regularly apostatizing. Leaving the church. Fighting against Joseph. A lot of them leave and never come back. A lot of them leave and do come back.
As a way to flesh out this idea, and to help you understand, a little more, where Joseph is standing right now – I want to tell you about two notable Mormon leaders, among the many, who prior to William Law leaving, left the Mormon church and fought against it. But, ultimately, these two come back to the religion: these two men are Orson Hyde and Thomas B. Marsh.
The quorum of 12 apostles was and is the second highest governing body in the Mormon church. So, there is, as far as governing bodies go in the Mormon religion: The First Presidency, which is Joseph Smith and his counselors, and then below it, the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. So, these two men we are going to talk about – who left the church were in the top 15 leaders of the religion.
These men left back in Missouri. Back before the Mormons were run off into Illinois. You’ll remember, at the time, that the Mormons are being attacked by mobs. They’re having their property stolen. They’re being raped and killed.
Well, there is also, at the same time, a large group of them leaving their religion, and then fighting against the congregation they just left. And, two of the most prominent members who left were these men, Orson and Thomas.
While Orson Hyde was in the middle of leaving the Mormon religion in Missouri, he had signed an affidavit written by Thomas that, among other things, claimed Joseph Smith was seeking for too much power. That he was trying to take over first Missouri, and then America, and then the World.
Not only did Orson sign this affidavit, but he testified in court against Joseph Smith – that Joseph Smith was treasonous against the state of Missouri. His testimony was part of the trial while Joseph Smith was in jail in Missouri.
You’ll remember, that in the last episode we talked about how, after Governor Bogg’s signed the extermination order – ordering that the Mormons be killed and driven from the state – that the militia didn’t actually go out and kill all the Mormons – but they used the extermination order as a bargaining chip. They used the order to drive the Mormons out of Missouri, and throw their leaders in jail. Well, that’s this moment we’re talking about.
Joseph Smith is in liberty Jail awaiting trial while the members of his religion are being pushed out of their homes, and his former friends and fellow leaders in the Mormon religion are testifying against him in court.
And, while I tell you this story of other Mormons leaders, aside from William Law, who left and fought against Joseph, I want to take a moment to note a characteristic of Joseph. A personality trait that is going to run throughout this story of his death. And, influence his death, and probably even push him towards it.
While Joseph is in jail he is writing letters to his followers, and he is being very sharp with men like Orson Hyde and Thomas Sharp by whom he felt betrayed – men who had left him, abandoned him, and fought against him.
Quoting the Bible, referring to these men leaving his church, Joseph says that “the dog has returned to his vomit, and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.” He sees these men as people who were purified and cleansed through the atonement of Jesus Christ, who found truth through new revelations, and now have returned back to their old, wicked lifestyles. Like dog’s they’ve returned to their vomit. He has no tolerance for their leaving Mormonism. And, so he is being sharp towards them.
Also, while he is in jail, not only is Joseph being Sharp towards people who have left his religion, but he is even being sharp with the guards who are holding him there. There is a famous, often repeated story, in Mormonism where Joseph and his fellow prisoners were sitting in jail listening to the guards brag about the murders and rapes and theft they’d committed against the Mormons, and Joseph can’t stand it anymore so he stands up, in chains.
And, according to his fellow prisoners, he speaks as in the voice of thunder, or as the roaring of a lion, and says, “SILENCE, ye fiends of the infernal pit. In the name of Jesus Christ I rebuke you, and command you to be still; I will not live another minute and hear such language. Cease talk, or you die THIS INSTANT.”
The recounting of the story goes on to say that Joseph, “stood erect in terrible majesty. Chained, and without a weapon; calm, unruffled and dignified as an angle.” The guards, then, it says shrunk quietly into the corner until their replacements came.
Now, someone who is going to use a biblical metaphor to explain how men leaving his religion are like dogs returning to their vomit, and someone who is going to tell armed guards, while he is in chains – in jail – that they are fiends of an infernal pit, and if they don’t stop talking they won’t live another minute, is a guy that isn’t scared of other people. He isn’t scared of speaking his mind.
In fact, Joseph at one point says – in one of his speeches – that he is not afraid of men. Not afraid of any man. Only God. And, that’s how he acts.
Because Joseph is a stranger and a pilgrim.
Joseph is looking at a spiritual world, that is beyond and higher than the world of the American Frontier that he lives in. He lives in Nauvoo, Illinois in 1844, but he also lives in this other worldly place with Gods and Angels and visions and revelations.
The tragedy of Joseph’s death comes from his insistence on following absolute truth. From his obligation to follow what he knows as truth. That makes his story a spiritual drama. It’s a religious drama. Like John Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress – but it’s a Pilgrim’s Progress that ends in death.
I want to say that before Joseph’s 6 month stint in jail, in Missouri, is even over Orson Hyde had already changed his mind about Joseph Smith, once again. Within 6 months Orson Hyde went from believing Joseph was a prophet, to believing he was a fallen prophet who needed to be stopped, then back to believing Joseph was and always had been a prophet.
Orson came to believe he had been wrong in signing that affidavit that said Joseph was going to try and take over the whole world. And, so, while Joseph is in jail, Orson is going to a former peer in the Quorum of the 12 apostles asking him if he thought it was possible he could be forgiven. Trying to figure out how to make restitution. Asking him to go and talk to Joseph Smith on his behalf.
Now, like I said, both these members of the Quorum of the 12 apostles would eventually come back to practicing Mormonism. Thomas B. Marsh left and would not come back for 18 years, though – long after Joseph Smith had died.
When Thomas B. Marsh came back to Mormonism he addressed a small congregation regarding his leaving their religion and fighting against its founder.
He said, regarding the 18 years he spent away from the church, and the struggles and trials which brought him back to it: “I have seen the hand of the Lord in the chastisement which I have received. I have seen and known that it has proved he loved me; for if he had not cared anything about me, he would not have taken me by the arm and given me such a shaking. If there are any among this people who should ever apostatize and do as I have done, prepare your backs for a good whipping, if you are such as the Lord loves.”
He continued, “I have learned to understand what David said when he exclaimed, ‘I would rather be a doorkeeper in the house of God than to dwell in the tents of wickedness.’ I have not come here to seek for any office, except it be to be a doorkeeper. . .” So, Thomas Marsh, the man who left the Mormon religion as one of its 12 apostles, asks to come back 18 years later as a doorkeeper.
Now, Orson Hyde also said he had a trying time while he was away from Mormonism and Joseph Smith. He later said of his time away from the church, “Few men pass through life without leaving some traces which they would gladly obliterate. Happy is he whose life is free from stain and blemish.”
Orson, regarding himself leaving, said, “It was a day of affliction and darkness. I sinned against God and my brethren; I acted foolishly. I did not possess the [light of the Holy Ghost.] [It was] the hour of my greatest sorrow.”
Now, not only did Orson come back in the church but, he was forgiven by Joseph, and made a member of the Quorum of the 12 apostles, again. And, in the next year, while the Mormon refugees were building Nauvoo out of swamps, Orson leaves and goes on a mission. He’s gone for 2 ½ years. Across America, and the Atlantic Ocean, through England and Holland, and on to Jerusalem in Palestine where he dedicated the land for the return of the Jews, and for the building of a temple in the future. A missionary trip of over 20,000 miles. That story could be a 9-episode podcast series in and of itself.
Now, William Law – one of the key figures in the death of Joseph Smith – doesn’t come back. He doesn’t repent. He doesn’t regret his decision. Even 40 years after Joseph’s death, William is on record as saying, “The great mistake of my [life was] having anything to do with Mormonism.”
Now, Orson Hyde’s story, and Thomas Marsh’s story, are tangential to the main story of Joseph’s Death. But, I think, when taken together, with William Law’s story it helps us see an important, bigger picture.
It highlights the fact that this young Mormon religion was in a near constant state of tumult both within itself and without itself. Persecutions. Disagreements. Comings and goings. Conversions and Apostasies. Our story is of the tragic death of Joseph Smith, but at the same time tens of thousands of people around Joseph are all living their own little stories. With their own struggles, and spiritual wrestlings.
And right in the middle of this is Joseph Smith.
And, again, that’s why people want to kill him. Because he’s right in the middle of it. People like William Law and Thomas Sharp look at Joseph Smith as the lynchpin that holds Mormonism and all its converts together.
Joseph Smith, this guy who insists on calling a spade a spade. Who, when he is in trouble for being himself, is often only going to be himself more.
In the midst of all this, feeling the weight on his shoulders as the guy that is in the center of this movement of thousands of people around him, Joseph is quoted as saying, “I am tired, I have been mobbed, I have suffered so much. Some of the brethren think they can carry this work out better than I can, far better. I have asked the Lord to take me out of this world. I have stood all I can.”
Now, to get back to where we started – William Law. William, unlike a lot of the men before him, takes his leaving the Mormon religion further. Not only does William Law leave Mormonism, and start a new religion, but he sets himself up as a new prophet, and also starts this secret organization – kind of a sister society to his religion – and this secret organization has the sole intent of bringing about the destruction of Joseph Smith.
William Law is actively growing secret organizations to see to the destruction of the prophet Joseph Smith. He has started a new religion that claims his old religion is teaching the doctrines of the Devil. And, so, William is excommunicated from the Mormon Church. He’s kicked out.
Before William Law, church excommunications used to take place at the Mormon church’s biannual conferences – these are called General Conferences of the Church. These excommunications would take place in front of the entire congregation of the religion. Both sides of the argument for and against this church member remaining as a member would be presented to the church, and then either a hand of fellowship would be extended towards the individual in question, or that person would be removed from the records of the church.
In 1844 the Mormon Church’s Spring General Conference was held over three days in early April. And, William Law was very excited about conference, because he was very excited about this opportunity to be ex-communicated in front of the entire church.
He knows his excommunication is coming.
Joseph knows about his secret organization. He sees his new religion. He sees that William has set himself up as a new prophet within that religion – whose authority replaces Joseph’s. William and everyone else in Mormonism know that he is getting excommunicated at the upcoming General Conference.
But, William is excited about the opportunity because he wants his side of the story known. He feels that if he can get in front of the Mormons and tell them about Joseph Smith’s falling from the truth, then he will be able to convince a lot of people to leave the religion with him.
And, only does William Law want his excommunication to happen, but believing members of the Mormon Church want it to happen to. William Law was a prominent member – a second counselor in the First Presidency. A business leader in the community. And he has been very open and out about thinking Joseph is a fallen prophet. So, naturally, people are interested in hearing what happened with the whole thing – you know, they don’t know all the reasons behind his being angry with Joseph.
And William decides that even if he isn’t excommunicated at this General Conference, that regardless, he and his followers will disrupt the conference. If they can, they want to completely turn the conference against Joseph and make it about them, their reformation church, and their grievances against their former Prophet. Joseph, again, however – through spies and gossip, catches wind of this plot.
So, at the start of the church’s General conference, Joseph Smith (acting as Mayor) reminds the City Marshall, that the police have a responsibility to enforce order. The police force, then, comes out in full force and is monitoring the crowd for disruptive individuals.
At the beginning of the General Conference Joseph also tells those gathered that it has been expected by some that little petty difficulties that have existed would be brought up and investigated before this conference, but it will not be the case. That Joseph will devote the majority of the time to teaching doctrine.
You can imagine how furious this made William Law. He goes to the church conference expecting to be excommunicated in front of everyone. Expecting to overthrow the meeting, and make it all about his grievances and causes, and convince everyone there that he is right, and Joseph is wrong. And, he shows up and there is a large police force out and the head of the Church explains to everyone that he will not directly address you in front of everyone. In fact, Joseph says, “these things are of too trivial a nature to occupy the attention of so large a body.”
He continues, in his speech, to say some other things that you might think could be especially applicable towards William Law and people like William Law who were in the audience. Joseph says, “I have no enmity against any man. I love you all; but I hate some of your deeds. I am your best friend, and if persons miss their mark it is their own fault. If I reprove a man, and he hates me, he is a fool; for I love all men, especially these my brothers and sisters.”
You’ll pick up there that Joseph is publicly rebuking people who don’t handle being rebuked well. That’s another instance of Joseph being sharp and calling a spade a spade. And, you’ll remember that, at the beginning of the episode, William Law was offended when Joseph, when talking to a police officer, referred to William Law as a ‘dough-head of a fool’.
Well, if William was offended by that comment, told in private to a small police force, I feel like William probably felt in this talk like Joseph was specifically calling him a fool, again, and now – in front of a larger audience, William was probably even more offended than the first time.
Joseph continues on in his speech. And, I think this is especially poignant knowing that he will die in 2 months. He said, “You don’t know me; you never knew my heart. No man knows my history. I cannot tell it: I shall never undertake it. I don’t blame anyone for not believing my history. If I had not experienced what I have, I would not have believed it myself.”
He ends with, “I cannot lie down until my work is finished. I never think any evil, nor do anything to the harm of my fellow-man. When I am called by the trump of the archangel and weighed in the balance, you will all know me then. I add no more. God bless you all. Amen.”
Joseph is telling William Law and everyone else in attendance that they don’t know him. They never knew his heart. But, that they will know him, finally, when he is called by the trump of the archangel and weighed in the balance. I think that’s heavy. That’s a heavy last address to give to the men and women in your religion.
But, William Law isn’t interested. He has now been denied the opportunity for public discourse that he was planning on. So, he and his followers send $2,000 dollars to Quincy, Illinois for a printing press and printing supplies. William is going to start a newspaper in the heart of Joseph Smith’s city – Nauvoo, Illinois, with the purpose and intent of overthrowing the Prophet. He is going to take his argument directly to the people.
A few days after General Conference, William Law is excommunicated from the church in a private meeting of the leaders of the Church.
A prospectus for William Law’s newspaper, which will be called the Nauvoo Expositor, is soon printed. The prospectus is essentially a marketing tool. It is one sheet of paper that tells the potential audience what the paper will be about. What kind of content it will have. How much subscriptions cost, and how frequently the paper will be distributed.
The prospectus gets printed and it causes quite a stir. But, the prospectus itself doesn’t mention any of the specific problems that William Law has with Joseph Smith and the Mormon Church. Essentially, all it says, is that the Prospectus is coming after immorality. It is coming after moral imperfections. And, that it is coming after the city of Nauvoo itself.
ON THE NEXT PODCAST:
Joseph Smith, like he has for the last 14 years of his life, has enemies outside his church and he has enemies within his church. Next week, we look at an event that create a new, third group of enemies who want to kill the Joseph Smith: and that is Joseph Smith, the Mormon Prophet, running as a 3rd party candidate for President of the United States of America.